TERMS OF REFERENCE TO CONDUCT A STUDY ON MARGINALIZATION AND GENDER INEQUALITY WITHIN TAX REGIMES IN TANZANIA

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Policy Forum

Introduction

Women often have multiple identities that have varying implications on their ability to pay taxes especially considering the disproportionate distribution of unpaid care work. As such, gender responsive taxation is essential because it acknowledges the important distinctions between men and women. Gender issues, however, continue to be downplayed, ignored, or repeatedly addressed at the periphery of policy dialogue and decision-making resulting in macroeconomic policy failures that have a clear correlation with the degree of gender inequality.

Inequalities, therefore, emerge from the gender hierarchies associated with different societal roles and division of labour that offer more advantages in the distribution of resources and opportunities to one group over the other. Bearing in mind that despite notable progress in terms of their status and rights, females in Tanzania still lag behind males; it is therefore critical to work towards solving this problem by engendering tax, budgeting and public finance policy processes through mainstreaming strategies.

This preliminary study is an initiative towards facilitating the conduct of gender research to understand tax inequality in Tanzania. It hopes to spur interest from academia, policy makers, faith-based groups, private sector and civil society organisations (CSO), to understand and advocate for better tax policies within their spheres of influence to achieve sustainable development goals.

It is a desk-based review that serves as a preliminary examination of taxation in the marginalised groups and areas of Tanzania. It is expected to enlighten the understanding of the manifestation of tax disparities through gender lenses by identifying the factors enhancing marginalisation of women and minority groups due to unfair tax regimes or bad governance; and pinpointing the forces behind resource leakages, and how women and other minority groups or communities are

excluded within mitigating measures.

The study ultimately aims to recommend relevant actions that should be taken by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), government and other stakeholders and developing a strategy and plan of action to ensure gender mainstreaming in tax governance is realised.

Objectives

The main purpose of this study is to satisfy this demand to understand the nature, composition, context, implications and impact of gender tax inequality in the present tax regimes in Tanzania. This study then seeks to ask the question, what is the nature of gender tax inequality for marginalized groups in Tanzania? This is specifically with the aim of:

  1. Identifying the interconnecting factors enhancing marginalisation of women and minority groups due to unfair tax regimes and bad governance;
  2. Pinpointing the forces behind resource leakage, and how women and other minority groups or communities are excluded within mitigating measures;
  3. Recommend relevant actions to be taken by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Government and other interested stakeholders.
  4. Developing a Strategy and Plan of Action to ensure gender mainstreaming in tax governance is realised.

Deliverables

The consultant is expected to provide a draft report of the analysis to Policy Forum within 30 days after being engaged.

The secretariat will go through the draft report and provide comments on the same. The consultant will be required to finalize the document and submit a final version within an agreed timeline with the secretariat.

Expiration Date: 
Thursday, August 15, 2019

Requirements

Interested consultants should attach an inception report, budget, CV and a sample of previous studies conducted. Strong understanding of gender dimensions in the area of tax is a prerequisite. All documents should be sent to info@policyforum.or.tz with subject “Study on Tax Consultancy” by 15th August 2019

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