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CSOs Briefing 3rd September 2008 A brief presentation was made to the attending CSOs on General Budget Support (GBS). The aim was to make CSOs aware of and understand GBS and its process. It covered the following areas: • Overview of the GBS ? What it is? ? How does it work? • GBS Annual cycle and linkages to other processes • Assessment and the GBS Annual Review • MKUKUTA and GoT resource envelope • CSOs’ entry points into the process Issues Raised CSOs Q & A Session: - Questions to PRBS DP Partners from CSOs • What is the long-term vision for DPs on the provision of GBS? • What is the timeframe for supporting GBS? • Is the GBS process well connected to feed into key national processes such as the national budget? • Accountability within and outside the GoT goes with enhancing transparency, opening up of dialogue (e.g. of GBS process) to other domestic stakeholders: Does the GBS process have components for transparency? Are parliamentarians involved in the GBS process? • CSOs’ participation in the GBS process: how are they invited? What are the criteria? • When CSOs demand more accountability from the GoT, but at the same time, DPs state that they are satisfied with GoT accountability, is there then a common understanding? How do DPs assess GoT? • How is GBS effective? What is the position of GoT regarding other aid modalities (Basket Funding and Project Funding)? • PAF Indicators: Are they part of the output from CWG meetings. • How is the PAF arrived at? Is it transparent? Is it derived from CWGs? • How is the GBS donors group coordinated? Is there a group? • On CDF: What is DPs’ position on this? As it has already been agreed at top GoT level by the President; are DPs informed on this? • Is information on the GBS aid modality reaching the grass root level? • Capacity of the CSOs to effectively participate in these processes: Is there any support to CSOs? PRBS DPs Response to CSO Comments. • The session aims to keep CSOs on board with the GBS Annual Cycle and process as has been agreed with GoT. • The Tanzanian National Budget (domestic revenues) is still relatively small. Thus, GBS DPs provide funds (GBS) to assist the GoT in implementing MKUKUTA through its own budgetary process and systems. • The GBS modality is handled in a transparent manner; it is open to the public and other stakeholders. It is more transparent than other modalities. In Tanzania there are three aid funding modalities, GBS, Project Funds and Basket Funds. GBS is the preferred aid modality of GoT. • On accountability despite support that goes to GoT through GBS; there are other supports going through Basket and Project funding modalities for governance reforms and activities. In the GBS process, governance issues are discussed/ addressed under CWG III. • CSOs are invited to participate and make contributions at the sector, cluster and PER main levels. CSOs need to indicate where they wish to participate, provided that they have the capacity to do so. Nevertheless, CSOs can effectively participate in the CWG and Sector working group forum. • PAF is a product of the consultative process of GBS at sector and CWG meetings. At the end it is GoT and GBS DPs who decide on the final PAF. • PAF outlines indicators that DPs use to negotiate with GoT. Indicators attached in the PAF are products of sector and CWG meetings - some indicators are drawn directly from the MKUKUTA indicators. PAF indicators cover data which is measurable. PAF comprises two sets of indicator Temporary Process actions which represent measures that need to be achieved to monitor progress and Outcome indicators which are measurable on an annual basis. These indicators rely on GoT routine data. • GoT has stated GBS as the preferred Aid modality. It sees GBS as more effective than other modalities. GBS DPs have accepted to support the GoT through this modality. However, available ODA data (budget estimates) do suggest that GBS share in the total ODA is not increasing much. • On GBS DPs assessment of GoT domestic accountability, CSOs were urged to strike a balance between what they read in the press and what is actually happening. It is also important to note that when DPs are making GBS disbursements, it doesn’t mean that everything is going well, but are satisfied with what is happening on the ground for the betterment of the public. • GBS key issue identification is made during the CWG meetings but the idea/concept starts at sector level. From here the suggestions are brought to the CWGs for discussion and agreement. • CSOs participation in the GBS process: Normally invitations are extended to 1-2 CSOs. CSOs will be invited to comment on key issues. • CSOs were informed that GBS does not provide funds for their capacity building but that they may access capacity building funds from other programmes, such as European Development Fund, Foundation for Civil Society, etc. • Parliament’s role in promoting domestic accountability: There was perceived to be an effective role to be played by Parliament but again it was reiterated that Parliament has to play its role without being pushed by DPs or GoT. DPs normally inform the Parliament on the ongoing GBS process. Summary Action points 1. Access to Data: DPs/GoT needs to identify mechanism whereby CSOs can retrieve more information on GBS issues. 2. CWG Meetings: CSOs have to attend the meetings as this will give then an opportunity to share with GoT and DPs on issues of success at grass root and national level. This is also a key forum for retrieving valuable information. 3. CSOs’ involvement and role in the Annual Review process: key issues will be suggested at the sector and CWG levels and CSOs are encouraged to participate actively in this process.. CSOs are to be invited to the Annual Review and must among themselves agree on 1-2 CSO representatives for each Annual Review session. CSOs are concerned about their limited capacity (technical and institutional) to effectively participate in the dialogue process: a better Division of Labour between them should be reached. Closing Remarks: On behalf of the PRBS DPs Group, Jesper Kammersgaard thanked all participants for their participation and contribution. It was emphasized that CSOs may contact Paulina Mrosso at the PRBS Secretariat for any further information if needed. Appendices 1. List of Attendees 2. Presentation by PRBS Chair to CSOs on GBS 3. CSOs CWG Representation List