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Policy Forum adopted social accountability monitoring (SAM) in 2008 as one of its strategic approaches to capacitate its members working at the sub-national level in Tanzania to engage in policy processes more meaningfully. Since then, I have seen SAM initiatives contribute to building teacher’s housing at remote schools, the operationalisation of primary health care facilities, and the empowerment of communities to lead participatory forest governance efforts among others. Conversely, I had to come to terms with our persistent failure to obtain a sustained shift in behaviour at the eco-system level to sustainably improve the way public resources are managed. Of course, the many factors and actors influencing a change at this level make this an arguably unrealistic objective for a single CSO network. The question was then how to develop a realistic and measurable strategy that keeps us focused on the desired result while providing an appropriate balance between flexibility and rigour.

A disappointing impact evaluation in 2016 motivated our decision to take part in a Learning Pilot Exercise,  both of which influenced our decision to rethink our strategic approach to SAM. Instead of merely providing formal training to a growing ecosystem of SAM actors and assuming that this would change behaviour at scale, we decided to be deliberate about which capacities to build, for whom, and why and how to determine whether it is worthwhile. We did this because we wanted to define for ourselves what our impact would be measured against through a fit-for-purpose MEL[1] strategy so that future evaluations contained no surprises. We then redesigned our SAM strategy to reflect our new strategic approach.

Our most persistent problem was that of accountability for the implementation of SAM findings at the subnational level. We therefore made a strategic decision to focus on working with Councillors because of their legal power to enforce their recommendations. It therefore made sense for us to focus on improving their capacity to make informed recommendations and to enforce timely, appropriate and meaningful corrective action. We chose to work in four under-performing local government authorities (LGAs)[2] (according to CAG[3] reports) where at least one Policy Forum member was also working. In December 2016, we began to train Councillors on a version of SAM training that has been tailor-made for their oversight role. Since then, 106 Councillors have been trained.

The feedback from both councillors and the local government officials they oversee has been overwhelmingly positive on the impact of training on their ability to implement their role. In fact, we are now getting requests from councillors from other LGAs who have heard from their colleagues about how this capacity building has benefitted them. Earlier this year, our work with councillors was evaluated and the findings recommended that we consider mechanisms to scale up the intervention and ensure its sustainability.

Despite the success we have had, three main things still keep me up at night:

  1. Councillors are elected for five-year terms at the end of which they might not return to the role. Even those who have been trained require on-going support to ensure that relevant capacities are built and used. How do we ensure that the capacity to perform effective oversight is retained and improved within Councils even beyond the electoral term?
    • To address this Policy Forum is currently negotiating a partnership with the Local Government Training Institute, a government training institution for public officials at the subnational level, to collaborate to institutionalise the training so that it can become part of their institutionalised capacity building support to LGAs across the country.
  2. Capacity is not the only thing that drives the decisions and actions of politicians. How do we ensure that we take this into account in setting goals and developing realistic indicators? Better yet, how do we navigate the other political and non-political incentives in a way that motivates councillors to use their newly acquired capacities to effectively perform their oversight role accountably?
    • This is a difficult one, but we at Policy Forum have begun to invest in our learning more strategically beginning with our new PMEL[4] strategy. In implementing the strategy, we have also begun to set up an electronic management information system to ensure that what we learn individually is available to others within the Policy Forum secretariat and membership, both currently and in future.
  3. Our primary goal in training councillors is for them to ensure that LGAs become and remain accountable to their constituents and communities in an informed and inclusive way. How can Policy Forum strengthen the influence of citizens over their councillors in between elections?
    • Here is where the Policy Forum membership is expected to play a key role. Policy Forum also sponsors community radio programmes in the districts where it works. This provides a guaranteed platform for locally based CSOs, CBOs and community members to ensure that their most important issues receive enough publicity to motivate action on the part of their political representatives.

Our biggest lesson over the last five years has been that we can only fail if what we learn fails to change us. We hence keep learning and we keep changing and hope to continue telling our story in the course of our journey.

 

[1] MEL = monitoring, evaluation and learning

[2] Kiteto, Kilwa, Mafia, and Mafinga

[3] Controller and Auditor General

[4] Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning

Development and the use of technology including mobile phones has been rapidly on the rise across Tanzania. According to the Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA), out of 59.7 million people in Tanzania, the number of internet users in 2019 amounted to approximately 23.1 million. This has eased communication and information sharing amongst the public and institutions including the government and among others, has presented the opportunity to utilize Artificial Intelligence in the realization of quality education in Tanzania.

‘Ticha Kidevu’, Tanzania’s first virtual teacher created by Shule Direct, is a website application with real teachers in the back-end designed allow students to interact with the platform and respond to their questions and be provided with links in order to access reference materials through google searches like in a classroom but through e-learning. The idea of using technology in education is not to replace the teachers but to support them.

This was revealed at the Policy Forum Breakfast held on 31st January 2020 entitled “Digital Platforms for Social Impact: The Role of Technology in Addressing Education Challenges.”  A presentation on how to bridge the educational gaps in Tanzania to convert quantity into quality was made by Faraja Nyalandu and Erick Kondela from Shule Direct.

Expounding on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its contributions towards the realization of the quality of education in Tanzania, the Executive Director of Shule Direct  Faraja Nyalandu emphasized that although nothing can replace the experience of learning in a classroom with a qualified teacher, educational technology offers an effective and efficient solution to bridge the educational resources. She also assured that AI is one of the safest methods to use in child protection and safeguarding.

Erick Kondela further elaborated that Artificial Intelligence, simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think and act like humans, is capable of closing teachers' shortage gaps and addressing inadequate supply of learning materials in the education sector. This also caters for students with special needs as AI comes with different forms such as audio, visuals and signs.

“Artificial Intelligence opens up more opportunities that lead to the improvement of learning outcomes. It enables the distribution of needed learning materials,” Kondela said.

Dr. Gerald Kafuku, Principal Researcher from COSTECH highlighted that the government would continue to partner with innovators in Tanzania to gain the infrastructure and to develop their work to help solve social challenges including the education sector.

Reacting on the presentation, a member of the audience Boniface Kyaruzi posed a question on the concept of “Leaving No-one Behind” and whether students from Non-English Medium Schools would struggle communicate with Ticha Kidevu because Kiswahili remains the medium of instruction.

Another member of the audience , Rahma Mwita expressed her fear of leaving the Girl Child behind due to the ban imposed to students who become pregnant forcing them to end their studies abruptly. She further asked how AI will assist in making sure that the girl child is still onboard.

Nyalandu responded to the question posed by Ms. Mwita by emphasising the importance of rethinking the classroom as not necessarily a place with walls but a space where access to learning is provided and this can be virtual. Hence whilst the debate to return girls to school continues, the virtual platforms can be remotely accessible to girls who are banned by giving them an unlimited array of subjects to study and virtual teachers to help them prepare for their national examinations.

Moreover, it is a great achievement that we have more children in schools today. However, to keep up with the increasing population growth and improved enrolment and retention rates that are straining the quality of education delivered, the most suitable intervention is technology which will help the country leapfrog some of these education challenges we face, Nyalandu said. “Are we meeting the demands of the 21st century ? Should our children continue paying the price for infrastructure challenges in education?,” she posed.

Also with the educational needs of our society no longer limited to age, gender or physical appearance, in order to provide quality education there is a need for the government to incorporate and integrate the use of technology in the country’s education policy from a junior level to accommodate the needs of different students in the society.

As a final word, Nyalandu also stated there are many ways to improve teaching methods and infrastructure in schools and that it is necessary to take steps to ensure that students are empowered to translate school-based education into real life and produce positive results.

Kindly be informed that Policy Forum secretariat office will be closed for Christmas and New Year Holidays from December 21, 2019 to January 13, 2020.                                    

We would like to wish you a very Happy Holidays.

The Policy Forum Secretariat regrets to announce the untimely death of Mr Sharifu Maloya Kombo, of member organization Lindi Association of Non-Government Organisations (LANGO) who passed away on Saturday 23rd November 2019 (picture attached).

Sharifu Maloya Kombo was the Executive Secretary of LANGO, an organization established to coordinate and enhance relationship and cooperation amongst Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in Lindi Region. He worked untiringly for citizens through enhancing Good Governance and Accountability and Financial Management in Lindi and other Regions.

He was an active participant in many of Policy Forum’s activities and his contributions to the network and elsewhere included:

  • Being a focal person for Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) in Oil and Gas Revenues (Service Levy) in Kilwa District undertaken in collaboration with Policy Forum (PF).
  • Having good knowledge of Social Accountability and Good Governance, he played an important role as a participant of PF’s community radio broadcasts in Lindi.
  • He collaborated with PF in facilitating election dialogues through local media outlets and motivating women participation in the 2019 Local Government Elections.

The burial ceremony was held at his homestead (Lumesule Nanyumbu District, Mtwara) on Sunday 24th November 2019 at 10am.

For those with condolence messages or interests in making financial contributions (rambirambi) to the family, please contact us by email to info@policyforum.or.tz and we will forward them to the family.

Agreements that are signed between a  government of a developing country and foreign mining companies to supplement or supplant the existing mining legal and fiscal regime also known as Mining Development Agreements (MDAs) are signed with the aim of assuring foreign investors that a developing country’s government will not change the rules of the agreement once investors put in their money and the investment starts bearing profit.

In 1979, the first piece of legislation that enabled the government to sign mining agreements with foreign mining companies  was enacted, the Mining Act No 17 replaced the old Mining Ordinance in Tanzania.

MDAs cover a wide range of issues some of which are not covered by the general laws of the country, such as taxation, immigration, exercise of ministerial discretions, settlement of disputes, waiver of sovereignty, exchange control, infrastructure; barring of change of law.

These findings were highlighted at the Policy Forum Breakfast Debate held on 25th October 2019  from the presentation of a study conducted by Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) on the Extractive Industry Legal Regime Reforms in Tanzania under the theme “Extractive Sector Reforms: What are the Recent Policy Changes and their Implications?”

Dr. Nshala highlighted that in 1998 the Mining Act of 1979 was repealed and replaced by the Mining Act No 5 of 1998 following the World Bank mission visit to Tanzania in 1997 that viewed the promulgation of the Mining Policy of 1997 and the Written Laws Financial Laws Miscellaneous Amendments Act No. 27 of 1997 and the Investment Act of 1997.

However, He also elaborated further by highlighting that in 1969 in the oil sector, the President of Tanzania created the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation vide GN No 140 of 1969. In 1980 the Parliament enacted the Petroleum Exploration and Production Act No 27 of 1980 Cap 328 RE 2002.

Another stakeholder, Ms.  Glory Mafole from the Christian Council of Tanzania (CCT) highlighted lack of appropriate information has been the main problem for Tanzania. The weakness is exploited by multinational companies which declare loss to Tanzanian authorities , while declaring profits and dividends abroad,” she said.

Moreover, Glory Mafole further the discussion by stating that  although the Acts provide room for transparency to most companies dealing with mining extraction, disclosure of contracts to the public so that the citizens of Tanzania would have a clue of the content of the contracts. The establishment of the local content committees, Tax content, the expansion of the Mining Industry and Openness to the government is quite important.

Dr. Nshala, said the 16 per cent shareholding given to Tanzania is paltry. For one, the Tanzania government will not have decision-making power regarding TMC operations on the ground. Also, Tanzania does not have shares in the parent company Barrick Gold Corporation.

According to Nshala, Tanzania should focus on getting shares in the parent company and shouldn’t be satisfied with the paltry shares in the subsidiary company. He gave the example of Botswana which secured 15 per cent shareholding in the UK-based gold and diamond processing firm that was also compelled to shift its headquarters to Gaborone from London.

Jimmy Luhende , Executive Director from Action for Democracy & Local Governance focused on scrutinizing the analysis by highlighting the value chain and  why the contracts that are being signed have tough clauses and  complications.

Dr. Nshala concluded by saying despite the reforms undertaken in Tanzania, the mining sector, including oil and gas, still face numerous challenges. A comprehensive dialogue is required to formulate functional regulatory frameworks that would be effective even after the present regime has completed its term in office

The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania needs only TZS 150 billion for 5 years to cover the cost of 28 percent of health insurance for low-income Tanzanians, the country’s religious leaders have said at a recent Breakfast Debate organised by Policy Forum in collaboration with the Interfaith Standing Committee on Economic Justice and Integrity of Creation (ISCEJIC) on September 27, 2019.

Speaking at the debate, Bishop Stephen Munga of ISCEJIC said the Committee conducted a survey on access to health care in Tanzania in 2017/18 using national statistical information with the aim of acquiring accurate information on health issues in the country.

The report shows, the average contribution of the government to the health sector to be 35 percent, development partners 37 percent, and private providers 28 percent. This shows a strong dependence on external sources of funding; All government sources come from the main budget. There are no specific (fenced) sources for the purpose of paying for the health budget; Only 32% of Tanzanians have access to health care through health insurance, meaning that 68% of Tanzanians are not sure of health care; From these 32 percent have health insurance, 23 percent are from CHF-enhanced health insurance, 8 percent are from National health insurance, and 1 percent are from private health insurance; 28% of the 68% who are unsure of health care are low income people who are quite poor and are not able to contribute anything like buying a health insurance card; and the remaining 40 percent are people who can afford health insurance but need to be mobilized to join.

Furthermore, Bishop Munga elaborated further on the universal health coverage (UHC) so that all communities can access the preventive, curative and rehabilitative services they need while also ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship.

Generally, Tanzania could do more to increase investments in the health sector. For approximately a decade, the average Annual Health Budget has been only 10 percent of the Government's total expenditure, 15 percent less than the agreed resolution in the Abuja Convention. The budget for the health sector has been shrinking from 75 percent (2014/15) to 57 percent (2016/17) and the average National Budget spending is $31 less than the average approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) which is $60.

Sheikh Nuhu Jabir Mruma also emphasised the reason why religious leaders are stressing on equitable health by stating that health is an investment and people need to be in good health for sustainable development to be achieved.

As a recap, for the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania to achieve its goals of ensuring that every citizen has confidence in the country's services, the religious leaders recommend the following:

  • The government should cover the cost of 28 percent of health insurance for low-income Tanzanians (2.7 million households, which is 14.5 million people);
  • The government needs only TZS 150 billion for 5 years from the various tax fenced sources proposed to cover health insurance for low-income households in Tanzania at an average of TZS 10,000 per household by the government and
  • The government needs 127 billion euros in 5 years from various tax-funded sources proposed to cover health care costs for 40 percent of Tanzanians who have not yet joined the average contribution of TZS 30,000 to 30,000 households and governments.
  • The government should increase the effectiveness of health care delivery by 20 to 40 percent by eliminating various challenges;
  • The government should lead the success of the provision of a health budget based on the approved budget;
  • The government should protect and improve cooperation with the private sector in health especially access to health services in all areas;
  • The government should improve the service sector to pay for the elimination of challenges in service delivery

The Interfaith Standing Committee on Economic Justice and Integrity of Creation (ISCEJIC) has the role of promoting equity , human rights and ensure affordable health for the poor in Tanzania and focuses on issues of tax justice for reducing inequality, works on issues of industrialization, employment and the environment, and peace and protection of creative integrity.

 

 

Tanzania Development Vision 2025 and Zanzibar Development Vision 2020 are the main blueprints for the country’s economic transformation towards a middle-income country in 2025 as well as the main vehicles for Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation in Tanzania. Data from the Tanzania Civil Society Report on the SDGs shows that over the last decade, Tanzania has recorded economic growth averaging at 6.6 percent per year making the country one of the fastest growing economies in Sub Saharan Africa. Despite economic growth, the Policy Analyst from the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Mr. Francis Shirima said that the pace of implementing SDGs is still slow in Tanzania due to lack of coordination framework to ensure that the government works closely with different stakeholders. This was said at the People and Policies 7:30 Breakfast Debate held on 30th August 2019.

Speaking on the progress of the SDGs implementation in Tanzania as reported in the Tanzania Voluntary National Review (VNR), the co-convener of Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform, Stephen Chacha said the VNR report was presented for the first time on July 18, 2019 in New York at the United Nations High Level Political Forum (HLPF), a central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals which provides for the full and effective participation of all States Members of the United Nations and States members of specialized agencies.

He said the VNR consultation was an inclusive process which involved the participation of several stakeholders from Ministry Departments and Agencies (MDAs), Multinational Organizations, Civil Society Organizations and the academia. The aim of the consultation was to gather inputs and contributions to compiled inputs and recommendations for the National VNR report which was produced by the Ministry of Finance and Planning (MOFP) in collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

Moreover, the NBS Director of Population Census and Social Statistics, Ms. Ruth Minja shared with the audience the role of NBS in the implementation of the SDGs and the several milestones that the agency has achieved including the domestication of the SDGs. She mentioned that the Sustainable Development Goals have been integrated and are implemented through the National Medium-Term Plans for both Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar namely; The Five Year Development Plan II (FYDP II) 2016/17 – 2020/21 and the Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2016 – 2020 which reflect to the three dimensions of Sustainable Development.

Despite the efforts of the agency to reach milestones set, the funds allocated to statistical offices which are responsible for production, coordination and dissemination of statistical information are inadequate, in the essence that statistical data informs the implementation and achievement of Agenda 2030.

However, Ms. Sandra Oswald from Vodacom Tanzania enlightened the debate by elaborating how the Multinational Organizations contribute to achievement of SDGs in Tanzania. She stated that the companies aligne its programs to cater for the implementation of the SDGs in Tanzania through Corporate Social Responsibilities projects which some of them focuses on agriculture, nutrition, gender, climate change and also with UN global compact.

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals implementation, it is necessary to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders. The focus should base on a bottom up approach to ensure that no one is left behind as envisioned in the 17 inter-connected goals of the Agenda 2030 on SDGs that aim to eradicate poverty.

Policy Analyst from the Ministry of Finance and Planning , Mr. Francis Shirima lamented that the pace of SDGs implementation is still slow in Tanzania. This is  because the nation lacks a  coordination framework to ensure that the government works closely with different stakeholders although the framework is on initiation process by the Ministry of Finance and Planning.

However, The co-convener of Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform,  Stephen Chacha highlighted on the  follow-up and review architecture that is enshrined to monitor the implementation of  the 2030 Agenda at the People and Policies 7:30 Breakfast debate held on 30th August 2019.

Chacha highlighted that the Tanzania Voluntary National Review (VNR)  was presented  for the first time on July 18, 2019 in New York at the United Nations High Level Political Forum (HLPF), a central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals which  provides for the full and effective participation of all States Members of the United Nations and States members of specialized agencies.

He further stated that the VNR consultation was an inclusive process which involved the participation of  several stakeholders from Ministry Departments and Agencies (MDAs) , MultiNational Organizations, Civil Society Organizations and the academia. The aim of the consultation was to gather inputs and contributions to  compiled inputs and recommendations for the National VNR report which was produced by the Ministry of Finance and Planning (MOFP) in collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). 

Moreover, the Director of Population Census and Social Statistics at the National Bureau of Statistics Ms. Ruth Minja shared with the audience the role of  NBS in the implementation of the SDGs and the several milestones that the agency has achieved including the domestication of the SDGs.

She mentioned that the Sustainable Development Goals have been integrated and are implemented through the National Medium Term Plans for both Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar namely ; The Five Year Development Plan II (FYDP II) 2016/17 – 2020/21 and the Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2016 – 2020 which reflect to the three dimensions of Sustainable Development.

Despite the efforts of the agency to reach milestones set, the funds allocated to statistical offices which are responsible for production, coordination and dissemination of  statistical information are inadequate, in the essence that statistical data informs the implementation and achievement of Agenda 2030.

However, Ms. Sandra Oswald from Vodacom Tanzania enlightened the debate by elaborating how the Multinational Organizations contribute to achievement of SDGs in Tanzania. She stated aligned their programs to cater for the implementation of the SDGs in Tanzania through Corporate Social Responsibilities projects that the company is conducting, they manage to facilitate projects that focus on agriculture, nutrition, gender, climate change and also with UN global compact. The telecom has designed strategy to further contribute to SDGs attainment.

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals implementation, it is necessary to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders. The focus should base on a bottom up approach to ensure that no one is left behind.

It is no doubt that whether you read articles or analyses related to extractives industry of Tanzania you will be bombarded with banal phrases such as ‘Tanzania is endowed with immense resources including hydrocarbons and solid minerals like gold, diamond, iron, tanzanite and natural gas.’ The main challenge for the country, however, has remained management of the revenues emanating from the extractives sector.

The 2017 Resource Governance Index which assesses quality of governance in licensing, taxation, local impacts and state participation reported that Tanzania performed poorly in the revenue management of oil and gas sectors by scoring 40 out 100.

Reflecting on what should be done by the stakeholders and government to improve governance of the extractives revenue, transparency and accountability, Policy Forum and HakiRasilimali joined efforts to organize a morning debate dubbed as the ” The Extractives Revenue Management in Tanzania : Where are we with Transparency and Accountability?”. The debate which took place in Dar es Salaam in the early hours of July 26, 2019 included Dr Genuine Martin from University of Dar es Salaam as the main speaker and Hon. Zitto (MP) as the discussant.

Speaking during the discussion, Hon. Kabwe argued that there is a problem in the management of extractives revenue in many developing countries including Tanzania by illustrating the current loss of revenues in the sector. He said for the financial year 2019/2020, the government is expecting to collect Shs 315 billion from the extractive industry despite being able to only collect Shs 230 billion as royalties from the mining sector in the financial year of 2017/2018.

He cited that between 2016 and 2018, the total mining revenue collapsed by 32%, from Shs 1.3 trillion as a total collection from the mining sector to Shs 867 billion. This goes in line with 11% drop in exports of gold or 10% drop in exports of other minerals.

Hon. Kabwe explained the drop in the exports of gold contributes to a loss of forex revenues of around US $ 200 million between 2016 and 2018 which can be calculated to the loss of the tax revenues of around Shs 433 billion. He emphasized that the loss is more than what the government is expecting to get from the settlements with the Barrick Gold Corporation.

He said the loss of revenues in the extractive industry calls for a thorough and critical “but objective” analysis of the last three years (from 2017 to 2019) to look at the impact of the changes brought in the extractive legislative framework. If government accepts an independent investigation on the gains and losses of its makinikia intervention (the ban on exportation of mineral sands to be smelted outside Tanzania), we can learn from such decisions”. He insisted that if the government doesn’t, “I call up on the CSOs to see the possibility of bringing together a team of experts to investigate the three years of the makinikia saga and come forward with recommendations so that we do not repeat mistakes.”

“The government aimed the interventions for optimal benefits for the country but the outcomes have not been great. What is the problem?” Hon Kabwe asked.

According to Hon. Kabwe, the interventions that were taken by the government were wrongly applied as it did not address the most critical fundamental problem in the extractive industry which is the international taxation system.

He claimed that if the developing countries are not addressing the issue of international taxation system, they will continue to lose from their natural resources. It is through the international taxation system that multinationals end up deciding where to pay taxes. He said this is not a problem exclusively faced by Tanzania and that we should cooperate with other countries to address the issue of where the taxes are being paid by multinational corporations. He advised the government to sign the Conventional on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (CMAATM) which provides for administrative co-operation between states (member states) in the assessment and collection of taxes, exchange of information and recovery of foreign tax claims.

The report which probed transparency and accountability in the extractives sector presented by Dr Martin shows the disclosure of mining contracts is minimal. The publicly available contracts are only three Production Sharing Agreements (PSAs) of (2004, 2008, 2013) out of 26 PSAs on Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC) website. However, speaking during the EITI Global Conference, the Minister for Minerals Hon. Dotto Biteko (MP) said that the government is in the process of establishing a portal for mining contracts which will be displayed on the Ministry of Mineral website. The portal will enable the government to publish and annotate mining contracts.

Successful implementation of Agenda 2030 for sustainable development requires partnerships and multi stakeholder approaches. This was said today by the Hon. Ambassador Mero when officiating the Tanzania side event entitled “SDGs Audit: In Focus Africa Experiences from Africa on Institutionalization Partnerships, inclusivity and accountability” to share experiences on implementing SDGs in Africa, exploring findings, recommendations and a discussion on how to institutionalize implementation efforts across African countries. The event was coordinated in partnership between Policy Forum, Hivos, Africa Philanthropic Foundation, Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform, and UNA Tanzania.

Speaking further about these partnerships, he recognized the role of CSOs to contributing to the first Voluntary National Review (VNR) in Tanzania and involvement of other stakeholders towards the realization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

“Learning collectively is important in ensuring the challenges faced in implementation of SDGs are addressed effectively because it takes two tango,” he said. Finishing by urging stakeholders to adequately reflect on SDGs and partnerships that can support the proper implementation of the goals.

One of the panelists, Martin Tsounkeu noted the importance of domestic resource mobilization in financing SDGs. He urged African countries not to rely on a single source of financing considering the vast natural resources the continent is endowed with.

This side event was held parallel to High Level Political Forum under the auspices of Economic and Social Council of United Nations it has a central role in the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the global level.

To demonstrate commitment to achieve the SDGs, the government of the United Republic of Tanzania registered interest to present its Voluntary National Review at the upcoming HLPF in 2019. This is going to be the first time for Tanzania to undertake a VNR, but it is anticipated that this process will continue in the future on a regular basis towards 2030. VNR serves as a dashboard that maps the status of implementation of SDGs nationally, regionally and globally, and its process has proved to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders and build momentum towards achieving the SDGs.

 

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