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On the 18-24 May 2015, Policy Forum – Local Government Working Group (LGWG) was invited to participate in the “World Village Festival” and other subsequent events organized by Kepa in Helsinki, Finland. The event brought in different NGOs from Europe, the Middle East and Africa to discuss the opportunities and challenges related to development that developing countries are facing but more specifically how decisions made in the north affect the lives of people in poorer countries.   

Participating in the discussion entitled “Artisanal Miners: what are the challenges at local level” Alex Modest Ruchyahinduru, Manager of Communication and Advocacy pointed out that Tanzania just like any country in Africa with mineral resources, artisanal miners do face several challenges including evacuation of their mining places adding that this has been due to lack of license security compared to big investors with big mining license who are given first priority.

He said, due to small capital and lack of collateral, artisanal miners in Tanzaniaare unable to secure loans from banks and other financial institutions for their starting capital and more worse for female miners and for miners who operate without licenses. This also affected them in accessing marketing information in related to their products e.g the prices of Gold they sell it for, in comparison to the real value. Apart from obtaining finances, he added that artisanal miners also face some other challenges like transport, tax regime, job security and child labour.

He also said that lack of skills of artisanal miners on the mining sectors has also been a challenge. Most miners lack the technical know-how to improve their capacity and productivity and hence earn very little raw materials. “Most activities to support mining sectors have leaned on the large scale mining operations”

He added that the inclusion of artisanal miners in Government Policy and development planning and from social and environment policies such as health care and natural resource management is fundamental and hence the government and CSOs need to work together to bring change and attitudes on the ground.

The National Budget for Financial Year 2015/16 is currently being discussed in Parliament. The consolidated government budget will be tabled by the Minister for Finance after the ministerial budgets have been discussed. Given the importance of this event to the nation, the members of the Policy Forum Budget Working Group, would like to contribute to this key process by sharing our analysis. 

This year’s national budget marks the end of the current Parliamentary and Presidential term, as well as the end of the current five year development plan. The financial year 2014/15 (as was also the case in 2013/14) saw revenue shortfalls which meant planned spending was short of the approved budget; affecting infrastructure projects and social investments. It also saw a decrease in government contribution to the provision of social services such as education, water and health. Like in the previous financial period, yet again 2014-15 saw serious delays in disbursements by government and Development Partners.  Recognizing the adverse effects of these challenges, we put forward the following policy recommendations:  

Domestic Resource Mobilisation

We agree that there have been efforts on the part of the government to ensure that our national budget is less dependent on donor funding. The introduction of the Value Added Tax (VAT) and Tax Administration Bills last year in the Parliament is, in part, evidence of these efforts by the government to ensure proper collection and management of financial resources from within.

Recently, when the Minister for Finance Hon. Saada Mkuya presented the pre-budget proposals to the Members of Parliament in Dar es Salaam, she pointed out that the 2015/16 budget is pegged at Sh 22.48 trillion from Sh 19.8 trillion for the year 2014/15: an increase of 15%.  Of the Sh 22.48 trillion, the recurrent budget is set at Sh 16.7 trillion while development budget is to receive Sh 5.7 trillion (about 26%) of the total budget.

In terms of the sources of this budget, the Minister highlighted that from the Sh 22.48 trillion budget, Sh 14.82 trillion will be collected locally. Further breakdown of the amount to be collected locally shows that the Tanzania Revenue Authority is expected to collect Sh 13.35 trillion, compared with Sh 11.297 that the authority was expected to collect in 2014/15. Non tax revenue is expected to be Sh 949.2 billion while the local authorities are expected to contribute Sh 521.9 billion to the budget.  Apart from borrowing from both internal and external lenders, the government expects to receive about Sh 2 trillion from Development Partners (DPs).

This move by the government is welcome and commendable. The biggest challenge, however, is whether the government will be able to collect these revenues adequately as projections still appear ambitious. Bearing in mind that this is an election and constitution referendum year, Policy Forum feels more effort is needed to raise revenues; since a lot of resources will be absorbed by these electoral processes.

Is the budget realistic?

The implementation of the previous budget does not provide reassurance that the forthcoming 2015/16 budget will be executed effectively and realistically. From the Minister’s report, delays in disbursement are still critical. For example, until March 2015 only 38% of the development budget had been disbursed. This literally means that more than 50% of the earmarked development projects have not been implemented, while there remains less than 3 months before the year ends. This was also the case for the recurrent budget, as it has been reported that most of the local authorities have not received the approved budget which was meant for operational expenses.

One would therefore doubt the increase in the budget without a clear statement as to how the funds will be raised.  Lower priority expenditure needs to be quickly ascertained so that government can be prudent in their spending in 2015/16.

Has there been adequate oversight in the planning process?

As CSOs we have learned that during the preparation of the budget estimates, unfortunately the Parliamentary Budget Committee was not involved. This raises questions about the integrity of the whole budget process as the committee is mandated to oversee and advise the government on different options for raising revenue as well as allocating these resources hence it has to be consulted fully. This consultation is made more important because the committee engages with different stakeholders, including CSOs and the private sector, who add value to the budget process. We therefore encourage the Ministry for Finance to undertake regular consultations with the budget committee.

A call to refocus 2015/2016 education budget priorities

While we recognize that the education sector is given priority within the allocations; our major focus in the 2015/2016 education sector budget is how attentive the allocations are to the learning needs and challenges. These challenges include the long-standing inadequacy of capitation grants, concerns over unimplemented policy and unresolved stakeholder’s grievances within the sector. Therefore, regardless of the amount allocated to this sector in the 2015/16 budget, due consideration should be given to the following concerns:

Explaining the fee-free education narrative; The new education policy of 2014 states that ‘the government will ensure that basic education is provided fee-free through the public education system’. We believe that it is well-intended but it should be reflected during the presentation of the 2015/2016 budget revenue and expenditure estimates: the government should clearly state how it plans to ensure that this policy statement on fee-free education is implemented as it has already begun to cause some tensions between parents/guardians and school officials with the former reneging on their commitments to make school contributions.

Government sets the capitation grant at Sh 10,000 and Sh 25,000 per primary and secondary school learner respectively. However, it should be remembered that the current capitation grant values were set in 2002 (primary) and 2004 (secondary).  In both cases, this is more than 10 years ago. The cost of living has since gone up, inflation has increased, and the value of the Tanzanian shilling has continued to fall. It would not be practical for Government to insist on maintaining the same level of capitation grant when its value (in terms of purchasing power) has decreased. It is therefore our desire that Government should clearly state during the 2015/2016 budget planning process how it will adjust the capitation grant value to reflect the actual cost of living.

Moreover, the actual PEDP and SEDP performance in relation to the disbursement of the capitation grant has been quite low during the past 10 years. Capitation grants hardly ever reached schools within the planned time-frame or in the intended amounts. And yet, the new education policy has added the scrapping of school fees to this resource challenge. The disbursement of the capitation grant to schools since the beginning of PEDP and SEDP has never been satisfactory. According to the Big Results Now (BRN) implementation report for the 2013/2014 financial year, the government was only able to provide an average of Sh 4,200 instead of Sh 10,000 per primary school learner and Sh 12,000 instead of Sh 25,000 per secondary school learner.

This trend has persisted even in the 2014/15 allocations, where by 30th March 2015, only an average of Sh 865 instead of Sh. 10,000 had reached public primary schools, while an average of Sh 5516 instead of Sh 25,000 had reached secondary schools. This year’s budget should provide solutions to the resource gap which results from inadequate and often late capitation grants and the scrapping of school fees.

In order to improve management and performance in schools, it is important that these institutions are regularly inspected. Parliament should ensure that, in the 2015/2016 budget, it advises government to review BRN implementation in order to address challenges in areas such as school inspection and raising the morale of teachers to teach and learners to learn.


Deficiencies in the budget (including improper prioritization, delays in disbursement, inadequate funding, etc) affect the different groups in the society differently.

The marginalized groups, for example feel the burden more than the rest of the groups. The delays in disbursement that have been experienced (worsened by non-disbursement in some cases) mean that the level of services expected to be delivered was not met.  As this happens, there are people who do not have the alternative means of seeking services elsewhere, rather than succumbing to the situation and facing the effects as they come.

The 2015/2016 budget proposal indicates that the government intends to increase capital to the Agriculture Bank; so that when it starts it is able to provide loans to farmers.  In Tanzania, 98% of the rural women defined as economically active are engaged in agriculture; and produce a substantial share of the food crops for both household consumption and for export. The call for a robust gender-responsive agriculture budget could be answered by this initiative. The intended Bank should purposefully and clearly plan to ensure that rural women and small-holding farmers are able to access the said loans.

Policy Forum again would wish to reiterate that stronger gender mainstreaming elements should feature in the social services sectors; if women’s lives are to improve.

Most of the prioritized interventions in the 2014/15 budget involved large scale investment in projects which are predominantly owned by men; with expected long term effects for farmers such as irrigation and large scale farming; rather than issues of Inputs like better seeds, or rural finance, which could have similar effect with less resource. We would encourage that special consideration be given to the marginalized groups in the society.


The budget process is a never-ending one.   Therefore, we learn as we interact with the process and this learning should contribute to improving the subsequent budget. It is imperative that the Ministry for Finance takes ideas from a range of stakeholders on how best we can plan, with our resources. The Budget Committee should also be used, to apply its expertise in the process. As the government embarks upon measures to mobilise resources, it is also important that accountability for the use of those resources is strengthened. That fits readily with the need to improve financial transparency within the delivery of public services. The released audit report by the Controller and Auditor General for the financial year that ended on June 2014 indicates that there is still a problem in the use of public resources. But again, there is weak implementation of the recommendations that he provides in his audit report. For example, only 38% of audit recommendations issued in the previous year were fully implemented. This indicates unsatisfactory performance. Effective follow up on audit recommendations is essential to get the full benefit of audit work.

The policy issues we raise here, however, require considerable commitment if they are to be addressed.  The continued challenges in the water, health and education systems – and the agriculture sector in Tanzania cannot be allowed to continue.   A healthy, well-fed society, which is educated and skilled, is vital for growth of the country’s economy. It is for this reason we urge the government to consider these modest recommendations as we work together to make policies work for people in Tanzania.

Africa loses a big chunk of money as a result of illicit financial flows (IFFs).  Different studies have indicated that these IFFs are responsible for draining the African continent of resources for development and are detrimental to revenue mobilization efforts. For example the recent report by the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows (AU/ECA HLP) from Africa, show that the continent loses more than $50 billion annually through IFFs. Such astounding figures are a case for serious concern, given that taxation is the most sustainable source of development finance, but African tax systems still do not raise enough revenue to meaningfully finance their own development.

These outflows of revenue from Africa are said to be higher than the amounts received annually in development aid and much greater than the amounts raised annually by most African governments in taxes. It can therefore be suggested that should these IFFs stop, Africa can stop being a net debtor and turn into a net creditor. The Global Financial Integrity for example has estimated, that Tanzania lost 2.5 billion euros between 2002 and 2011 due to transfer mispricing by companies. This is such a huge amount of money that would have contributed significantly to improvement of social services delivery in the country.

Due to these serious concerns, the Tax Justice Network – Africa (TJN-A) and the East African Tax and Governance Network (EATGN) organized a two days round table meeting to discuss strategies and agree on concrete steps that can be undertaken by different actors to ensure the domestication and implementation of the report recommendations in national policy. The meeting also aimed at providing space particularly for CSOs to exchange ideas and map out opportunities for mainstreaming into already ongoing fiscal policy reforms at the national level. This meeting was held from Thursday 21st to Friday 22nd May 2015 in Nairobi, Kenya. It drew together different stakeholders mostly from the CSOs community to discuss and strategize on how best we can work both individually and collectively to curb IFFs.

Throughout the discussions, it became apparent that CSOs need to work together with their government to ensure that the commitment by our governments to implement the recommendations contained in the HLP report is realized. Committing to implement the recommendations is one thing and real implementation of these recommendations is another thing. Based on the experience that most of the times these commitments are political, there is a need for CSOs to engage and push for implementation.

The discussion also called for more engagements with the Ministers for Finance as well as revenue authorities in the respective countries. However, for these engagements to be meaningful more research is needed so that we have strong base to back our arguments.

To this end, we call for our Minister for Finance as she looking forward to attend the financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa in July to raise into discussion these issues of IFFs so that there is an international commitment to end these harmful acts globally and regionally and help in raising domestic revenues. More important is the need for a call for increased transparency of the international and national tax systems in order to regulate, monitor and increase the accountability of tax systems

Some of the ongoing,outgoing and new Board members

Policy Forum elected its new Board of Directors during its 2015 Annual General Meeting held in Dar es Salaam on the 30th of April. The outgoing board members are Israel Ilunde-Youth Partnership Countrywide (YPC), Martina M. Kabisama-SAHRINGON and Betty Missokia / Godfrey Boniventura - Hakielimu who retired during this AGM leaving behind Nancy Kaizilege-United Nations Association Tanzania (UNA-Tanzania), Ibrahim Kabole/Namwaka Omari-Mwaikinda -WaterAid Tanzania, Paul Daniels - Care International, Jimmy Luhende-Action for Democracy and Local Governance (ADLG) to stay on for another year so that there is a balance between replacement and continuity on the Board.

In their parting speech they thanked PF members for giving them the opportunity to serve on the Board and for their cooperation during his tenure and wished the new Board of Directors all the best in carrying on the good work of the network and leading the Secretariat. Hence, the new line up is as follows:

New Board Members

1. Donati Senzia-PELUM

2. Charles Meshack-Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG)

3. Dr. Aichi Joseph Kitalyi-Chama cha Wanawake Viongozi katika Kilimo, Mazingira na Maliasili (TAWLAE)

Board Members staying on for another year

4. Nancy Kaizilege-United Nations Association Tanzania (UNA-Tanzania)

5. Abel Dugange/Ibrahim Kabole -WaterAid Tanzania

6. Paul Daniels - Care International

7. Jimmy Luhende-Action for Democracy and Local Governance (ADLG)

Engaging with government officials during Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) interventions is key to harvesting good outcomes.This was emphasized by SAM practitioners during a five-day workshop organized by Policy Forum in collaboration with the Public ServiceAccountability Monitor (PSAM), Agricultural Non-State Actors Forum (ANSAF) and ActionAid-Tanzania that took place in Dodoma on the 18th – 22ndof May 2015.

The workshop brought together Policy Forum’s SAM partners and other individual members undertaking SAM in their organizations to train them on ways to document the impact of their work and to capture their stories and challenges they face.

NemenceIriya-Director of MACSNET, a participant at the workshop said that, in their SAM intervention they normally involve council officials by making them part of the SAM Council Implementation Team (CIT).The officials are trained on the SAM concepts and tools used so that they can be brought onboard in the process and be influential in helping the SAM team get requisite documents during the SAM analysis stage.

The value of this approach was reinforced by Catherine Mulaga-MIICO who gave the experience of her organisation and the work it undertook in Kyela, Mbeya last year where they faced challenges accessing some of the documents for their SAM analysis, namely, the Financial and Audit reports and Full Council minutes.The documents were said to be “confidential” and the council officials were reluctant to release them as they believed disclosure would have adverse impacts on the 2014 local elections. MIICO were initially asked to wait until after the election but due to the good relationship that they had developed with the officials and councilors who were also part of their SAM CIT, they were able to access the documents which they then used in their SAM analysis and used the information during their feedback meeting with the District Executive Director (DED) who promised to work on their recommendations.

After the workshop, the documented cases will be shared with the Prime Minister’s Office - Regional and Local Government Authorities (PMO - RALG) and with the specific sector ministries concerned, said Richard Angelo- Manager of Capacity Enhancement at Policy Forum.

Stakeholders have called upon the government to amend the Constituency Development Catalyst Fund (CDCF) Act of 2009 and to address the current governance deficits in its implementation.

This was said by Kenny Manara, a Researcher of REPOA, during the Policy Forum Breakfast debate held in April 2015 when presenting findings of a survey that was conducted by members of the Policy Forum Local Government Working Group (LGWG) in collaboration with REPOA in six constituencies.The study on the governance effectiveness of CDCF in Tanzania examined four indicators namely; Rule of law, accountability, participation and equity.

Manara said that the survey found that all the measures of governance indicators was less than 50% in its effectiveness in all the constituencies, hence asserting that the CDCF lacks merit and not worthwhile interms of governance criteria.

He recommended additional research with a larger and more representative sample before making firm conclusions on whether the implementation of CDCF sees governance gaps.

The discussant at the event, Mr. George Jeriko, Lecturer at the University of Dar es Salaam was also of the view that a larger study should be conducted on the effectiveness of CDCF at the local level.

He lastly said that most of the issues of accountability as raised in the survey can be resolved if there was political will amongst actors concerned.

To read the CDCF report please click here

Hon. Saada Mkuya Salum

Minister of Finance

Republic of Tanzania

Dar es Salaam



We, the Tanzania Tax Justice Coalition are writing you in advance of the Development Committee meeting on Financing for Development to be held in Washington DC – USA on April 18th to seek your support in your role as current chair of the African Finance Ministerial to raising international taxation issues on the agenda at the 3rd Financing for Development Conference. We would particularly like to raise to your consideration the support for having international tax issues as part of the agenda of the Financing for Development (FfD) Conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 12th to 16th of July 2015.

On February 1st 2015, Tanzania together with other Heads of State of African Union Member States committed to the recommendations presented in the Report by the High Level Panel (HLP) on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, chaired by former South African President Thabo Mbeki. It is at this moment in time that this commitment has to be realised. One of the main messages of the report is that Illicit Financial Flows, including tax evasion and avoidance, are not only an African problem but are indeed a matter of global governance that calls for a wide range of actions. The upcoming FfD Conference provides an important opportunity for this. A crucial first step would be the establishment of an intergovernmental tax body.

Tax revenues are vital for financing development but countries lose billions of dollars from corporate tax dodging and unfair tax competition every year.The HLP report estimated that Sub-Saharan Africa loses more than 50 billion dollars annually (average of 2001-2012). This is more thanthe combined total of foreign direct investment (FDI) and net official development assistance (ODA), which these economies received in the same year.Global Financial Integrity has estimated, that Tanzania lost 2.5 billion euros in 2002-2011 only due to transfer mispricing by companies.

Therefore we are encouraging:

-       Tanzania to support the organisation of an inter-ministerial summit on tax and its inclusion in the FfD conference agenda, and will encourage fellow Development Committee members to do the same.

-       You (Minister of Finance) to personally attend the Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa in Julyto give a strong political signal of Tanzania’s commitment to forge an international tax system that works for developing countries and that works in the public interest.

-       You (Minister of Finance) to raise into discussion especially the following issues that need international commitment:

o   End harmful tax incentives globally and regionally. Multinational companies are receiving tax exemptions and not paying their fair share of tax while citizens are bearing a disproportionate tax burden due to an over reliance on consumption taxes in revenue collection such as VAT and Pay As You Earn (PAYE).

o   End harmful tax treaties that limit the ability for Tanzania to raise the much needed revenue to fund quality public service delivery. Tax Treaties are intended to prevent multinational companies and individuals from paying tax in two countries, but instead exploitation by investors and treaties negotiated with poor terms for “source countries” are leading to Africa losing huge revenues.  

o   Increase the transparency of the international and national tax systems. In order to regulate, monitor and increase the accountability of tax systems, Multinational Companies should be obliged to disclose their financial accounts annually. Up to date information about national revenue income should be available to the public at relevant public authorities.

o   Establish an intergovernmental tax body that would be tasked with addressing global tax policy with the benefit of developing countries at its core, rather than the current Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) led process that does not even equally include all developing countries. Therefore we would like to encourage you to propose and support a declaration by AU Finance Ministers asking for the creation of such a body and push for support for it within the Financing for Development process.

We would appreciate the opportunity to meet you to discuss this issue, and in the meantime we remain available should you have any questions.

Yours sincerely,

Tanzania Tax Justice Coalition

Represented by:


Click here to view the PDF file

The government needs to come up with a resettlement policy that addresses the needs of people displaced due to investment initiatives established in the country. This was said by Dr. Tim Ndezi, Executive Director of Centre for Community Initiatives (CCI)during the Policy Forum breakfast debate held on 27th March 2015 at the British Council Auditorium when he was presenting findings of a survey they conducted in 27 households, CCI monitored Displaced Households in Three Districts of Dar es Salaam:Temeke, Ilala and Kinondoni.

He mentioned some of the findings of the survey as being:most people affected by involuntary displacement in the areas were not aware of the process and procedures followed by government on involuntary displacement, only 20% of them were aware that they were suppose to move out of the area after being compensated, there was no transparency in the process and there was no participation of people in planning for resettlement sites.

The other finding he mentioned is that, most of those interviewed complained about receiving compensation that was not enough to meet the costs of buying land and building material.

Among other things Dr. Ndezi recommended that the government should develop a resettlement policy to guide involuntary displacement and compensation, there should be participation of affected persons in all stages and a signed Memorandum of Understanding between the government and affected persons. Valuation and compensation should reflect the current market value and paid in time, it was also suggested.

Another presenter, Ibrahim Bakari, Junior Consultant, IDC Ltd said that, troubles in involuntary settlement can mean loss of livelihoods and markets, loss of residential houses, other structures and loss of access to natural resources.

Proff. Felician Komu, a discussant at the event from Ardhi University, commented that the government needs to come up with a more transparent system and policy that will deal with the issue of compensation.

He paused a question to the participants that during compensation where does the value rest? is it the land or the building?

When thinking of resettlement consider the importance of a decent home for these people and not just the structures, he concluded.

The Media Services Bill and Access to Information Bill that were withdrawn after media and human rights stakeholders urged the government not to table them in parliament under Certificate of Urgency. The two bills were tabled for First Reading meaning no discussion took place and the Speaker referred the bill to the relevant Standing Committee for consideration and public scrutiny. The bills can be accessed here:


Towards the end of the year 2014, the Government of Tanzania prepared several Bills to be discussed by the National Assembly. Among these was the Budget Bill. Understanding the role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the Parliamentary Budget Committee sought inputs from Policy Forum so as to improve on the proposed Bill.

The Budget Bill was shared among members of the Budget Working Group and several other organizations made their contribution. This was compiled together and sent to the Bunge Office in Dar es Salaam in February, 2015.

In March 2015, a call was received from the Clerk of the Parliamentary Budget Committee inviting Policy Forum to present the previously submitted inputs on the Bill before the members of the committee in Dodoma. The meeting between the Parliamentary Budget Committee and Policy Forum was held in Dodoma on Monday 23rd March 2015 at the Bunge office. This was chaired by Hon. Festus Limbu, the chair of the committee.

A presentation of the analysis made by Policy Forum was done before the committee members followed by discussion on the presentation. Among the key issues that were observed and presented to the committee included;

  • The need to interpret the National Development Plan, Planning Commission as well as the meaning of transparency and encouragement of public participation in the budget process. Under the management of the budget process, it was observed that the Budget Committee itself is not mentioned as one of the key players in the process. Given the critical role that this committee plays, it is important for their functions to be reflected in this Act. It was also emphasized for the Bill to clearly indicate the critical role of the National Assembly of holding the executive into account. Moreover, it was stressed that the Parliament should have the responsibility to influence the drafting of the budget more pro-actively as the budget preparation is not an event but a process.  
  • In addition to that, the presentation highlighted the long awaited promise by the government and the National Assembly to put in place a Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO).Learning from the benefits that this office has earned our neighbors in Kenya and Uganda, it is recommended that this Act takes into consideration its importance and have it accommodated. The Ugandan Budget Act clearly stipulates the roles of the budget committee as well as those of the Parliamentary Budget Office.

As a reaction to the presentation, the chair of the committee and other members commended Policy Forum for the inputs and reiterated the importance they see in engaging with CSOs. They also admitted that they had as well seen some of the weaknesses that we observed in the proposed Bill. They also underscored the importance of having in place a Parliamentary Budget Office since its establishment would as well help them in executing their duties.

Commenting during the presentation Honorable Joseph Selasini congratulated Policy Forum for giving out their views on the budget Bill. He said that it is important  for citizens  to  participate  in  the  budget  process and local council officials  should   encourage citizens  to participate  so as to have a responsive  budget. Also, when he was contributing on internal national debt and its increasing rate he said that it’s not a good sign for economic growth of the country. According to him, the Government should borrow money when it’s necessary for the development projects and not otherwise as well as monitoring   how the money is spent.

While concluding the discussion, the chairperson of the committee Hon Dr. Limbu thanked Policy Forum for its contribution to the committee; saying that it’s through Policy Forum and other networks the views of the citizens are represented, encouraging the spirit of collaboration with the Parliamentary Budget Committee to continue. 

Initial feedback on the Budget Bill which has been approved indicates that some of the proposed inputs have been accommodated in the Bill. One worth taking note of is in regard to the establishment of the Parliamentary Budget Office. This marks one the major achievements for Policy Forum because the struggle for this dates more than six years back when the discussion over the need for its establishment between started CSOs and the MPs.

For the Budget Act, 2014, please click on the link below: